99 These campaigns appear at odds with Newton’s explicit statement, made as late as April 1971, that the BPP would never run candidates for office. (AP Images / Rob Latour/). jQuery("#inline_cta_btn_314379 a").attr("href",inline_cta_url_314379); Historically, this was unremarkable, as non-Western socialists and communists of all stripes had throughout the 20th century worked to build alliances with each other and against European and American capitalism and imperialism. If you did, you wouldn’t use that word.” James Boggs and Grace Lee Boggs. Welfare recipients wrote letters saying, ‘I thought the Party was for us; why do you want to give those dirty Vietnamese our life blood?’ I would call this a contradiction, one we are trying to solve. See also: Mbembe, Achille (2003). usiness owners to acquire not just resources for the party, but a regularized tribute, first requesting or insisting on their support by appealing to Black solidarity, and then organizing boycotts with the community to exert economic pressure as necessary. It will produce new values, new identities; it will mold a new and essentially human culture as the people resolve old conflicts based on cultural and economic conditions. jQuery("#inline_cta_btn_314379").html(inline_cta_button_text_314379); From one perspective, Newton’s doctoral thesis is a devastating confirmation of Genet’s concerns, showing how the spectacle was used against the Black Panthers and by extension against any attempt to frame a radical politics in the USA. But the political economic dynamics that define “reactionary intercommunalism,” Newton insists, also create the conditions for revolutionary possibility. The by no means self-evident compatibility between revolution and resistance was realized by some revolutionary thinkers, notably Mao in his texts from the midto late 1930s on the prolonged war of resistance, which focused on the enhancement of the ‘capacity to resist’, excerpts from which (along with embedded quotations from Clausewitz) appear in the Little Red Book closely studied by Newton and Bobby Seale in the mid-1960s. The extent of my engagement with these questions is fully indebted to discussions with and the guidance of Viewpoint editor Ben Mabie. See also. That is, the fact of the severe poverty of Black people made clear that the Party had to play a more prominent role in sustaining the people themselves, while simultaneously also working to establish institutions that would allow. ‘That alone shows you how strong we are,’ he said.”. At some point, there will be a qualitative change and the people will have transformed revolutionary intercommunalism into communism. Did you ever cook something so long that it turns into something else? Killer Mike’s consumerism flounders under the racialized reality that black communities have been pushed down for too long to pull themselves up by their bootstraps. The article "America's Financial Divide" added context to racial wealth inequality, stating. The BPP’s analysis of this process of lumpenization shares affinities and was contemporaneous with that of James and Grace Lee Boggs who, in, Racism and the Class Struggle: Further Pages from a Black Worker’s Notebook. Cancelling Student Debt Is Good. var inline_cta_url_314379 = ''; […] We try to do whatever is possible to meet the patient on the grounds that he or she can best relate to, because, after all, they are the issue.” 69.  From Marx and Engels onwards, Clausewitz and resistant politics occupied the margin – to varying degrees – of revolutionary politics. That said, Newton ultimately considered it politically necessary to eventually establish a “universal identity,” disconnected from “cultural, racial, and religious chauvinism.”, Aiming to build alliances with oppressed people against capitalism wherever possible, the Black Panther Party officially became, , forming political bonds across six continents with other revolutionary organizations and oppressed people. But all politicians have priorities, whether they’re explicitly stated or not. . Stepping back from the carnival that swept up, and then swept away, Huey P. Newton, perhaps it is time to look instead at Newton as the revolutionary intellectual who turned away from the religious inspiration of the Christian Civil Rights Movement and the Nation of Islam and looked towards philosophy for strategic and tactical insight. No longer can the figure of the class-conscious worker with a waged relationship to production, idealized within capitalist society as a ‘productive member of society,’ be assumed to be the central actor in a revolutionary narrative, a tenuous claim in the first place. Because Nietzsche was writing about concepts fundamental to all men, and particularly about the meaning of power, some of his ideas are pertinent to the way Black people live in the United States; they have had a great impact on the development of the Black Panther philosophy. “All it does is prop up a few black businesses to sort of allow for the segregated market to continue breeding inequality.”. Let us turn back to Revolutionary Suicide, which is a chronicle of Newton’s life of resistance, beginning with his schooldays. He felt great guilt when he first questioned Catholicism, believing that he would consumed by the fires of hell for his doubt.” See also Chapters 8, 10, and 11 (“Moving On,” “Learning” and “The Brothers on the Block”) in, See: Jeffries, “Newton’s View of People and the State,”, , 42-52. Unfortunately, the Ideological Institute did not amount to much; few Party members saw the use of abstract theorizing or the relevance of some of these writings to revolution.” For Newton, the intention was to redistribute and decentralize the work of producing Party theory away from himself (Newton.
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